Definitions & scope of geography, climate: an introduction to atmosphere, solar and terrestrial radiation, temperature (vertical & horizontal distribution), moisture and atmospheric stability, forms of condensation and precipitation, air pressure and wind circulation, air masses, disturbances, climatic regions, natural vegetation: major types of vegetation, world pattern of natural vegetation, ocean: global oceans & seas, structure of the ocean floor, salinity and its distribution, Sea temperature, oceanic surface and subsurface currents, tides, oceanic deposits.

Isotherms, isobars, climographs, meteorological instruments, study of weather maps.

Suggested Reading:
1. Fellmann, J. D., Getis, A. and Getis, J. 2005. Human Geography: Landscapes of Human Activities, 8th Edition, McGraw Hill: New York.
2. Tarbuck, J.E and Lutgens, K.F. 2000. Earth Science, 9th Edition, Prentice Hall: New Jersey.
3. Christopherson, W.R. 1997. Geosystems: An Introduction to the physical Geography, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall: New Jersey.
4. De Blij, H.J. 1995. The Earth: An Introduction to its Physical and Human Geography, 4th Edition, John Wiley: New York.
5. Lutgens, K.F and Tarbuck, J.E. 1995. The Atmosphere, 6th Edition, Prentice Hall: New Jersey.
6. Scott, C.R. 1989. Physical Geography, West Publication Company: St. Paul.
7. Strahler, N. Arthur and Strahler, H. Alan, 1987. Modern Physical Geography, 3rd Edition John Wiley, New York.
8. McKnight, L.T. 1987. Physical Geography: Landscape Appreciation, 2nd Edition, Prentice-Hall: New Jersey.