Introduction and scope of Geology, its importance and relationship with other sciences. Earth as a member of solar system, its origin, age, composition and internal structure. Geologica1 time scale. Agents and processes of weathering, erosion _mated landforms. Minerals and their physical properties. Rock cycle and rock types. Primary structure of rocks.

Description, classification and field identification of fold, fault, joint, foliation, lineation and unconformity. Earthquake and volcanism. Isostasy. Introduction to plate tectonics and mountain building processes.

LAB: Study of relief and structural features with models and topographic maps and their identification in the field. Use of basic field instruments. Study of geological maps and construction of cross-sections. Identification of selected rocks and minerals.

Suggested Reading:
1. Physical Geology, C. C. Plummer, D. McGeary and D.H. Carlson (2005), McGraw Hill, New York.
2. Foundation of Structural Geology, R.G. Park (1997), Chapman and Hall, London.
3. The Earth’s Dynamic Systems, W.K. Hamblin (1989), MacMillan Publishing New York.
4. Principles of Physical Geology, A. Holmes (1978), Thomas Nelson and Son Ltd., Edinburgh.
5. AkOutline' of Structural Geology. RE. Hobbs, W.D. Means and P.r:. William (1976).
6 . strUctural Geology. M.P. Billings (1974). Prentice Hall, New Jersey.