Acids And Bases:
Review of the concepts of Chemical Equilibrium, Arrhenius and Bronsted- theories of acids and bases, Self-Ionization of water, pH scale, KW, Strong and Weak Acids and Bases, Ka and Kb, Polyprotic Acids, Ions as Acids and Bases, Common Ion Effect in acid base Equilibria, Buffer Solutions, Molecular structure and acid base behaviour. Indicators, Neutralization Reactions, Titration Curves, Solutions of Salts of Polyprotic Acids, Solubility Equilibria, pH, Lewis Acids and Bases, Hard and Soft Acids and Bases.

Theories Of Bonding:
Interatomic bond and Intermolecular bond. Nature of covalent bond in terms of Valence Bond Theory, Molecular structure, Molecular orbital Theory (Diatomic Molecules).

Chemistry Of S-Block Elements:
Group Trends, General characteristics, Important compounds of s-block elements.

Coordination Chemistry:
Introduction, application of complex compounds, Ligands and their types, Nomenclature, The concept of Effective Atomic Number, Coordination Number, Geometry of Complex Ions, Isomerism in complexes, Bonding in complex Ions: Applications of Valence Bond theory (Linear, Trigonal Planar, Square Planar, Tetrahedral, Square, Pyramidal, Trigonal Bipyramidal, Octahedral). Crystal Field theory (Octahedral and Tetrahedral Complexes).


Volumetric analysis of various cations and anions. Gravimetric analysis of various cations and anions. Reactions of complex cations. pH Titrations. Equilibrium constant of complexes.
i) Determination of percentage composition by viscosity method.
ii) Determination of percent composition by surface, tension method.
iii) Determination of Parachor value by surface tension method.
iv) Determination of heat of solution by solubility method.
v) Determination of solubility and solubility product of a sparingly soluble salt.
vi) To study the kinetics of first order reaction.
vii) To study the kinetics of second order reaction.
viii) To construct Freundlich Adsorption of acetic acid on charcoal.

Recommended Text:
1. Whitten KW, Raymond ED, Lany MP and Stanely G “General Chemistry”, 7th Ed (2004) Thomas Learning.
2. Hill JW and Petrucci RH “General Chemistry” 8th Ed (2002) Prentice Hall.
3. Masterton WL “Chemistry: Principles and Reactions” (2000) John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
4. Zlewsky AV “Stereochemistry of Coordination compounds” (1996) John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
5. Harwood WS and Petrucci RH “General Chemistry” (1993) Macmillan Publishing Company.
6. Sharpe AG “Inorganic Chemistry” (1992) Longman.
7. Shriver DF, Atkins PW and Langford CH “Inorganic Chemistry” (1990) Oxford.
8. Brady JE, Russel JW and Holum JR “Chemistry Matter and its Changes” (1989) Saunders College Publishing.
9. Vogel AI “Textbook of Quantitative Inorganic Analysis” (1989) Longman Group, Printed in Great Britain by Bath Press Ltd.
10. Cotton A and Wilkinson G “Basic Inorganic Chemistry” (1987) John Wiley & Sons.
11. Basolo F and Johnson “Coordination Chemistry” (1964) W. A. Benjamin Inc.