Biology of cells: Structure of cell, cell division and differentiation, DNA and R.N. A chain, mitosis and meiosis, lipids, proteins and genes, molecular errors.

Molecular transport in living systems: diffusion, random motion, diffusion equation, osmosis, osmotic pressure in liquid and gas, diffusion across membrane, membrane potential.

Radiation biophysics: review of radioactivity, stochastic and non-stochastic effects of radiations, effect of radiations on cells and DNA, introduction of cancer by radiations, radiotherapy, absorbed dose and dose equivalent, dose calculation.

Biophysical techniques: X-rays diffraction, electron microscopy, biophysical instruments, spectroscopy in biophysics, imaging instruments.

Biophysical processes: Biomechanics, Bioenergetics, Biomagnetism.

Recommended Text:
1. V. Piramal, “ Biophysics” 1st edition, Dominant publishers and distributors, (2005).
2. C. Sybesma, “ Biophysics: An introduction”, Kluwer academics publisher Gr. (1989).
3. A. L. Standford, “ Foundations of biophysics”, academic press, (1983).
4. R. H. Austin and S. Chan, “Biophysics for physicists”, World Scientific publishers, Singapore (1992).
5. D. Sunnes, T. Whelden, W. Watson,” Radiation Risks”, Tarragon press (1991).
6. L. Cromwell, F. J. Weibeu and E. A. Pfeiffer, “Biomedical instrumentation and measurements”, Prentice Hall (1993).
7. S. J. Hall, “ Basic biomechanics”, McGraw Hill, 3rd Edition (1999).