Section A

Origin of Quantum Theory: Black body radiation, Stefan-Boltzmann law, Wiens-displacement law and Planck’s law, consequences. The quantization of energy, Photoelectric and Compton effect, Line spectra Explanation using quantum theory.

Wave Nature of Matter: Wave behavior of particles (wave function etc) its definition and relation to probability of particle. D’Broglie hypothesis and its testing, Davisson-Germer Experiment and JP Thomson Experiment, Wave packets and particles, localizing a wave in space and time.

Quantum Mechanics: Postulates of Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Operators, Linear operators and their properties, e.g.; momentum operator, energy operator. Eigen value equation, Eigen values and Eigen Functions. Schrodinger equation (time dependent and time independent with out derivation) and its applications to step potential, free particle, barrier tunneling (basic idea) , particle in a well, probability density using functions of states.

Atomic Physics: Review of Atomic Models, Bohr’s Model (review), Frank-Hertz experiment, energy levels of atoms, Atomic spectrum, Angular Momentum of electrons, Vector Atom model, Orbital angular momentum, Space Quantization, Bohr’s magneton, X-Ray Spectrum (continuous and characteristic), Moseley’s law, Pauli’s exclusion principle and its use in developing the periodic table.

Quantum Optics: Basic concepts and characteristics of LASER, different types of lasers, working of He-Ne Laser, semi-conductor diode laser. Introduction to holography.

Special Theory of Relativity: Limitations with classical physics, Einstein’s Postulates of special relativity and their consequences, The Lorentz transformation, Transformation of velocities, Relativistic momentum and energy.

Section B

Electronics: Conduction mechanism in solids, instrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, formation of p-n junction, Characteristics and application as half-wave and full-wave rectifiers, filter circuits, clipper, clamper and voltage doublers, BJT its basic structure and operation. BJT biasing, Characteristics of Common Emitter, Common Base, Common Collector, CE, CB and CC amplifiers, Hybrid parameters (CE), Positive feed back and oscillators, monostable multi-vibrator (basic), Logic Gates/combinational circuits: OR-gate, AND-gate, NOT-gate, NAND-gate and their applications.

Review of Nuclear Structure: Discovery of Nucleus, Structure of Nucleus, Electron-Proton Model of Nucleus, Discovery and properties of neutron, Neutron-Proton Model of Nucleus, Charge Number, Mass Number, Representation and Nomenclature of Nucleus, Isotopes, Isotones, Isobars.

Rutherford’s Scattering: Alpha Particle Scattering Experiments and their findings, Rutherford Atomic Model, Rutherford Scattering Formula (derivation) and its experimental verification. Nuclear density, Nuclear shape, Nuclear force, Nuclear dimensions, Nuclear mass and binding energy, Nuclear Angular Momentum, Mass Spectrometers; construction and working.

Nuclear Models: Weiszacker Semi-empirical Binding Energy Formula, Liquid drop model, Magic numbers, Shell Model.

Nuclear Reactions: Notations, Conservation laws, Endoergic and Exoergic Reactions, Fission, Characteristics of fission, Energy released in fission, Compound Nucleus, Fission Reactors: Construction and Types, Fusion Reactions, Proton-Proton Cycle, Carbon Cycle, thermonuclear reactors reactions.

Review of Basic Concepts of Radioactivity: Discovery of Natural Radioactivity, Laws of Radioactivity, Half-Life, Mean-Life, Units, Radioactive Equilibrium, Radioactive series, Alpha decay, Beta positive and negative decay, Gamma decay and electron capture, radiation hazards.

Measurement of Radiations: Interaction of radiation with matter, Primary and Secondary Ionization, Specific Ionization, Range and stopping power of Radiations. Types of Detectors: Gas Filled Detectors, Solid State Detectors (Track Detectors, Scintillation Counters).

Particle Physics: Classification of Particles, Types of interactions, Families of Particles, Conservation laws, Quark Model, Big Bang Theory, Nucleosynthesis, Formation and Death of Stars, Cosmological Models: Beginning and End of Universe.

1. Characteristics of a triode tube.
2. Characteristics of a pentode tube.
3. Setting of half and full wave rectifiers and study of wave-shapes on an oscilloscope.
4. Resonance frequency of an accepter circuit.
5. Resonance frequency of a rejector circuit.
6. Characteristics of a transistor.
7. Setting of a single-stage triode tube amplifier and measurement of its gain.
8. Setting of a single stage transistor amplifier and measurement of its voltage gain.
9. Setting up of a single stage transistor oscillator and measurement of its frequency.
10. Ionization potential of mercury.
11. Characteristics of a G. M. counter.
12. Range of alpha particles.
13. Work function of a metal.
14. Planck’s constant using a spectrometer.
15. e/m of electron.
16. Stopping power of alpha particles in air equivalent of mica, silver, copper and aluminium using an electroscope.
17. Absorption coefficient of beta particles using an end-on GM counter.
18. Study of voltage current characteristics of an electric discharge in gases at low pressure.
19. Production of vacuum and its measurement with manometer.

Recommended Text:
1. D. Halliday, R. Resnick and K. Krane, Physics Vol. II, 5th edition, John Wiley, 2002.
2. D. Halliday, R. Resnick and J. Walker, Physics, 6th Ed. John Wiley, 2001
3. S.T. Thornton and A. Rex, Modern Physics for Scientist and Engineers, 2nd Edition Saunders College Publishing (2000)
4. B.L. Theraja , Basic Electronics, 5th edition, Publishers S. Chand & Company Ltd.
5. Jeff Hecht, Understanding Lasers, Howard W. Sams Co., 1991
6. Tom Duncan, Success in Electronics, John Murray Publishers, London, 1983.
7. K. Krane, “Modern Physics”, 2nd Edition, John Wiley (1998).
8. P. V. Naik, “Physics”, Prentice Hall, New Dehli, (2004).