Review of Basic Concepts about Nuclear Physics: J.J.Thomson model, Rutherford’s atomic model and the nucleus, discovery of radioactivity, basic properties of the three types of radiation emitted from a radioactive nucleus.

Description of the Structure of a Nucleus: Nuclear charge: charge determination from, Rutherford’s scattering, Chadwick, and characteristic X-ray methods. Size of the Nuclei: Assignment of spherical shape to a nucleus, methods to find the nuclear radius; Rutherford Scattering Method, coulomb energy difference, deduction from coulomb energy radius, mesonic atom, electron scattering.

Nuclear Mass: Nuclear mass and its units, importance of exact knowledge of nuclear mass, mass spectroscope, mass spectrometer, mass spectrograph, velocity and momentum filters and their use in a mass spectrometer, techniques of mass determination; different types of mass spectrometers and spectrographs, doublet method, energetics of nuclear decays and from nuclear reactions, describe the mass-energy equivalence.

Binding Energy: Structure of a nucleus, Definitions of binding energy, Binding energy variation with mass, Binding energy per nucleon constancy and saturation of nuclear forces, Separation energies of protons and neutrons.

Use of Quantum Mechanics in Nuclear Physics: Brief introduction of quantum mechanics and wave mechanics, Schrödinger’s wave equation and its solution for step and well potentials, Quantum numbers and their assignment to nucleons, Energy levels in a nucleus. Angular Momentum of Nuclei: spin angular momentum, orbital angular momentum, total angular momentum of nuclei, Calculation of angular momentum, Nuclear Statistics, Parity.

Nuclear Models: Need of a nuclear model, Liquid Drop model, Nuclear fission on the basis of liquid drop model, Semi-empirical mass formula, Magic numbers and nuclear Shell model, Extreme particle model.

Nuclear Reactions: Nuclear reactions and their different types, Mass defect and, exoergic and endoergic reactions, Nuclear fusion, Comparison energy released in fusion with the energy releases in fusion, Problems in achieving nuclear fusion on earth, controlled thermonuclear reactions, Description of a few geometries for fusion.

Interaction of Radiation with Matter: Types of nuclear radiation, Interaction of charged and uncharged particles with medium, Range and stopping power, Interaction of gamma rays, and also of X-rays(atomic origin) with medium, Interaction of neutrons with the medium, Stopping power and the concept of energy transfer.

Nuclear Radiation Detectors: Nuclear radiation detection techniques, Electronic or gas filled detectors; ionization chamber, proportional counter, Geiger Muller counter, Solid state detectors, Scintillation counter.

Nuclear Particle Accelerators: Purpose of a particle accelerator, Construction and working of some accelerators; Van de Graff generator and the Tandem Van de Graff generator, Application of a time varying electric field, Motion of a charged particle in a magnetic field, Circular accelerators; cyclotron, betatron, Synchronisation and importance of orbital stability, principle of phase stability, quantitative description of accelerators based on the principle of phase stability.

Recommended Text:
1. S. S. M. Wong, “Introductory Nuclear Physics”, Prentice hall Publishers, Hartfordshire(1990)
2. E. T. Burge, “Atomic Nuclei and their Particles”, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1988).
3. K. S. Krane, “Introductory Nuclear Physics”, John Wiley and Sons, Singapore (1988)
4. H. Enge, “Introduction to Nuclear Physics”, Addison Wesley Publishing Company, New York (1972).
5. R. J. Blin-Stoyle, “Nuclear and Particle Physics”, Chapman and Hall, London (1991).
6. J. S. Lilley, “Nuclear Physics”, John Wiley and Sons, New York (2001).