Electrolytic cells, Galvanic and fuel cells, process of electrolysis, electrode process, Ohm’s law and electrical units, Faraday laws of electrolysis, coulometry, Conductance measurement and its applications. Theory of redox reaction, Nernst equation and its applications. Types of electrodes (reference and test), Electrochemical techniques including pH-metry, potentiometry and coulometry, related numericals. Corrosion and methods of preventing corrosion.

Chemical Kinetics:
Kinetics vs. thermodynamics. Use of kinetics to fundamental and applied sciences, time scales of chemical reactions. Reaction rates and rate laws and their relation to stoichiometry. Order of reaction and molecularity, First and second order reactions. Various methods (differential, integral, and half life) to determine order of reaction. Arrhenius equation for the temperature dependence of the rate of simple reactions. Basic collision theory and transition state theory for reaction rate, activation energy. Catalysis, principle of catalyst; heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis and their industrial applications. Reaction mechanism. Chain reactions.

Chemical Equilibrium:
Dynamic and static equilibrium, factors effecting equilibrium. Homogenous and heterogeneous equilibrium with examples. Law of mass action, Le chatelier’s principle and its impact on equilibrium position. Calculation of equilibrium constant. Relation between KC , KP and KX with examples. Solubility and solubility product. Common ion effect. Distribution law. Application of distribution law and its validity (solvent extraction, determination of Keqlb. for I2 + I, system chromatography).

Thermodynamics And Thermochemistry:
Zeroth, first and second laws of thermodynamics, state functions, system and its surrounding, thermodynamic reversibility and irreversibility. Work done and the change of internal energy during isothermal expansion of an ideal gas. Change of internal energy due to heat transfer at constant volume and constant pressure. Heat capacities of a gas at constant volume and constant pressure. Thermochemistry, enthalpy, entropy. Standard states. Hess's Law.

Surface Phenomena and Colloids:
Adsorption and types of adsorption. Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm. Application of adsorption. Colloids, types of colloids, properties and preparation of colloidal solution. Examples of surface phenomena.

i) Determination of percentage composition by viscosity method.
ii) Determination of percent composition by surface, tension method.
iii) Determination of Parachor value by surface tension method.
iv) Determination of heat of solution by solubility method.
v) Determination of solubility and solubility product of a sparingly soluble salt.
vi) To study the kinetics of first order reaction.
vii) To study the kinetics of second order reaction.
viii) To construct Freundlich Adsorption of acetic acid on charcoal.

Recommended Text:
1. Atkins PW “Physical Chemistry” 7th Ed (2003) Oxford University Press.
2. Atkins PW “Elements of Physical Chemistry” 3rd Ed (2003) Oxford University Press.
3. Liprot GF “Modem Physical Chemistry” (1982) ELBS.
4. Holum B “Fundamentals of Chemistry” 3rd Ed (1988) John Wiley Inc.
5. Silberbery “Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change” 2nd Ed (2000) Mc Graw Hill.
6. P Matthews “Advanced Chemistry” Vol I and II (1992) Cambridge University Press.
7. Johnson BR and Scott SK “Beginning Calculations in Physical Chemistry” (1997) Oxford.
8. Berry RS, Rice SA and Ross J “Physical Chemistry” (1980) John Wiley & Sons.