Atmosphere: Introduction, global change, Joule heating, atmospheric flashes

Geomagnetic activity: introduction, solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, magnetic field merging, flux transfer events, indices for magnetic activity, sudden impulses storms, sudden commencement storms.

Aurora: introduction, formation of aurora, auroral ovals, dayside aurora, diffuse aurora, discrete aurora, pulsating aurora, enhanced aurora, auroral arcs, sun-aligned arcs, proton aurora, black aurora, after noon spots, flickering aurora, great aurora, low-latitude aurora, auroral folklore.

Space plasma: introduction, plasma theories, dispersion relation and drift mechanism, plasma waves, MHD waves, waves in cold plasma, waves in hot plasma.

Star: introduction, types of stars, lives of stars, death of stars, black holes.

Satellite application: introduction, weather forecasting, environmental monitoring, navigation, reconnaissance, earth resources surveying, telecommunication, geodetic survey, military applications.

Recommended Text:
1. Kennedy Davis “Electronic Communication System” 4th Edition, McGraw Hill (2000).
2. May-Britt Kallendrode “Space Physics: An Introduction to Plasmas and Particles in the Heliosphere and Magnetosphere” Springer Verlag, (2004).
3. J. N. Xanthakis “ Solar Physics” London (1967).
4. M. G. Kivelson, “Introduction to Space Physics”, Cambridge University Press, (1995)